In the Islamic world, past and present, there have been many rulers who worked for the welfare of their nation, incorporated the Islamic concept of government, and even called for the establishment of inter-Islamic unity. This article is about 5 strong leaders of past and present, which you will definitely be interested to know about.
Shah Faisal, the pioneer of Islamic unity:
Shah Faisal was born in April 1906. Faisal was a wise and talented man from the beginning. Shah Faisal had started performing important feats in his youth. In 1920, he was appointed governor of Hijaz. In 1953, when Saud bin Abdulaziz became king and Faisal was crowned. A year later, he became the President of the Council of Ministers, the Prime Minister. In 1964 he became king. During the eleven-year rule of King Faisal, development work was carried out so abundantly and rapidly that Saudi Arabia joined the ranks of prosperous and developed countries from the list of the most backward countries in the world. Cities and ports were expanded in a modern way, airports were built, a network of roads was laid across the country, shrines were expanded and various facilities were provided to the pilgrims. The royal palaces were handed over to educational and charitable institutions.
Ittehad-e-Islam was a great goal of Shah Faisal. In April 1965, Shah Faisal pledged to unite Muslims around the world on the basis of Islam. To achieve his goal, he began touring Islamic countries on November 8 of that year. Went to Iran first. He then visited Jordan, Sudan, Pakistan, Turkey, Morocco and others respectively. He went to Turkey in August 1966 and thus became the first Arab leader to visit Turkey. In the Arab world, his era is known as “Rahlat al-Khair”. During these visits, Shah Faisal tried to explain the fact that the salvation of Muslims depends only on Islam and their well-being depends on Islamic unity. After the arson attack on Al-Aqsa Mosque in August 1969, the Arab and Islamic countries became convinced of the veracity of Shah Faisal’s position and all the Islamic countries were ready to unite under one organization. From September 22 to 25, 1969, for the first time in the history of the world, a conference of Muslim leaders was held in Rabat, Morocco. After this date, various Islamic conferences are being held under the auspices of the Islamic Office (Secretariat).
In April 1966, Shah Faisal visited Pakistan for the first time and on this occasion announced to bear all the expenses of the Central Jama Masjid of Islamabad. Today, the mosque is known around the world as the Shah Faisal Mosque. On March 25, 1978, it was announced on the radio that King Faisal bin Abdulaziz, the ruler of Saudi Arabia, had been shot dead by his nephew, Faisal bin Musaad bin Abdulaziz, in the royal palace. Has been martyred. Thus these great leaders departed from the world.
The founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Ruhollah Khamenei:
Sayyid Ruhollah Khomeini aka Imam Khomeini was the Islamic religious leader of Iran and the founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran. He was born on September 24, 1902, in Khomeini. In 1953, pro-Reza Shah generals overthrew the government of nationalist Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh, and Iranian clerics continued their covert campaign against the Shah of Iran, and a few years later Ayatollah Khomeini emerged as a great leader on the horizon of Iranian politics. On October 28, 1964, when the Shah of Iran’s government passed a law under which Iranian law would not apply to what the Americans wanted to do, the next day, Imam Khomeini inaugurated the city of Afaq in Madrasa Fayzia Qom. It became the prelude to a great revolution. He said to the people: “O people of Najaf, Qom, Mashhad, Tehran and Shiraz! I warn you, do not accept this slavery. Will you remain silent and say nothing? Should we do it and not open our mouths? ”
The speech shook the throne. Seven days later, Imam Khomeini was arrested and deported from Tehran’s Mehrabad airport, first to Turkey, then to Najaf, and then to France. On January 17, 1979, The Shah of Iran left the country. When Imam Khomeini returned home after 16 years of exile, he was greeted by millions of Iranians from Mehrabad Airport in Tehran to Behesht-e-Zahra Cemetery. One of the rulers had fled the country after being defeated by an imam despite the full patronage of the United States. The government of his nominee Shahpur Bakhtiar was trembling like an autumn leaf. No matter what they did, they did not break the atrocities, but Imam Khomeini’s voice could not be silenced.
Where Imam Khomeini’s revolutionary thought saved Iran, it proved to be a springboard for Islamic movements around the world. Before the Islamic Revolution, Iran was Israel’s ally in the region, and now, after the success of the revolution led by Imam Khomeini, Iran Declared that we do not accept Israel. Imam Khomeini, in other places, declared himself above the prevailing diplomatic customs and presented the role of a true revolutionary leader, as exemplified by the fatwa on the assassination of the accursed Salman Rushdie. The benefits of Imam Khomeini’s revolutionary ideas also reached the oppressed Muslims of Palestine, and Imam Khomeini uttered the great phrase, “Israel must be wiped off the face of the earth,” ie, Israel must be wiped out. Should Imam Khomeini was never prepared to back down from his revolutionary stance, and the first result of this thinking was that the great Israeli embassy in Tehran was demolished and the building was converted into a Palestinian embassy. Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat He came to Tehran to meet Imam Khomeini and thus the Islamic movements all over the world began to see a new horizon. Imam Khomeini’s thoughts were based on the fact that religion and politics are not separate from each other.
Former Army Chief and President of Pakistan Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq:
General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq was a former Pakistani army chief who overthrew the government of then-Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto in 1977 and imposed martial law and later took over the presidency. He held the posts of Sipah Salar and Sadrat till his death. Zia-ul-Haq was born in 1924. In 1945, he was commissioned in the army. After the independence of Pakistan, they migrated to Pakistan. He was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in 1964, Major General in 1973 and Corps Commander in April 1975. On March 1, 1976, he was promoted to the rank of General and became the Chief of Staff of the Pakistan Army.
In 1977, the Pakistan National Alliance (PNA) accused the government of rigging the elections and a nationwide protest against Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto began. Martial law was enacted on the evening of July 4, 1977. In December 1984, Zia-ul-Haq called a presidential referendum. After his victory, his position in the presidency was confirmed. In February 1985, Muhammad Khan Junejo became the Prime Minister. Martial law was lifted on the basis of mutual trust on December 30, 1985 and on the basis of mistrust, under the Eighth Amendment, General Zia-ul-Haq dismissed the government of Muhammad Khan Junejo on May 29, 1988.
Between 1978 and 1985, Zia took several steps to transform Pakistan into a religious state. The Federal Sharia Court was set up to enforce religious laws and remove laws that were found to be anti-Islamic, and it was given some legislative powers. The state retained the authority to collect Zakat and Ushr. By allowing Ahmadis to call their places of worship mosques, to keep and recite the Qur’an, to greet one another like Muslims, and to place Islamic sermons and the names of their daughters on women belonging to the Prophet’s family. Punishment for blasphemy and death or life imprisonment for blasphemy was amended in Pakistan (later the Shariah court upheld the death penalty for blasphemy). Parliament was renamed the Majlis-e-Shura. Zia-ul-Haq amended the legal requirements regarding the eligibility and disqualification of members for membership in the assemblies to respect religious standards. He also overthrew the education system, first facilitating the increase in the number of madrassas and increasing the number of religious lessons in the textbooks of all classes.
The Soviet Union’s (Russia’s) invasion of Afghanistan in 1979 was aimed at conquering Pakistan and gaining access to the warm waters of the Arabian Sea. General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, realizing the threats to national security posed by Russia and India, decided to help the people working for the independence of Afghanistan. At the same time, he launched a struggle in Kashmir. He passed away on August 17, 1988 in a plane crash near Bahawalpur.
The current hero of the Islamic world, Rajab Tayyab Ardawan:
Born on February 26, 1954, he is a Turkish politician, former Nazim of Istanbul, former Prime Minister of the Republic of Turkey and the twelfth elected President. Rajab assumed the office of President from August 28, 2014. On the occasion of his visit to Pakistan in October 2009, Rajab Ardawan was awarded the highest civilian honor of Pakistan.
Following the Israeli attack on the Gaza Strip in 2008, the Turkish government, led by Recep Tayyip Erdogan, reacted strongly against its old ally, Israel. Turkey’s protests did not stop there, but immediately after the attack, in 2009 when Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan briefed the World Economic Forum on the details of blatant and blatant Israeli crimes, he was stopped for not giving him enough time to speak. Erdogan boycotted the forum meeting and returned immediately. This incident made him a hero in the Arab and Islamic world, and on his arrival in Turkey, the sons of Turkey received a warm welcome from their hero patron. On Monday, May 31, 2010, the Freedom Fleet carrying relief supplies for the besieged Gaza Strip After the Israeli attack and the death of 9 Turkish citizens in the attack, Erdogan once again emerged as a hero in the Arab world, and from the people to the governments and the media, Turkish and Turkish leader Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s Palestinian issues, especially the Gaza Strip. He praised the firm stand for the end of the siege and many Arab journalists called him the current leader of Islam.
On the night of July 15, 2016, a faction of the army abruptly announced the imposition of martial law in the country, but the coup plot was foiled by the Turkish people on the streets, lying in front of tanks, proving that the original The ruler is the one who rules over the hearts of the people. After that, Recep Tayyip Erdogan called a referendum on the presidential system in Turkey through a public referendum, after the success of which the presidential system is now in force in Turkey. Rajab Tayyab Ardawan is an Islamist. He considers Caliph Abdul Majeed II as his ideal and Ardawan raises his voice against the persecution of Muslims everywhere in the world. He has repeatedly spoken on the issue of Kashmir and the issue of Palestine in international forums and for the rights of Muslims. In the current era, many people think that Tayyip Erdogan will establish the Ottoman Caliphate after the end of the Treaty of Lausanne in 2023, which will be attended by many Islamic countries, and Muslims will re-establish the Ottoman Caliphate. However, no confirmation message has been issued by his government so far.
Mahathir Mohamad, the revolutionary founder of the modern era:
Mahathir bin Mohamad is a former Prime Minister of Malaysia, who took office on May 10, 2018 after winning the election, but resigned in February 2020. He previously held the post from 1981 to 2003, for 22 years.
The role of Mahathir Mohamad in the history of Malaysia will always be remembered as a benefactor and the founder of the modern revolution. Mahathir Mohamad brought Malaysia’s history-changing nation out of political and social darkness. He bridged the growing gap between people living in Malaysia and speaking different languages and integrating them into one nation. All his credit and pride goes to the philosophy of revolution, which was nurtured by Mahathir Muhammad. The cure for the economic and political problems facing the Muslim Ummah today lies in the ideas of Mahathir Muhammad.
Mahathir Mohamad was the Prime Minister of the country from 1981 to 2003. After becoming the Prime Minister, he presented an agenda to transform his country into an important industrial and developed nation. The public policy adopted by Mahathir Mohamad is based on the following political philosophy. According to Mahathir Mohamad, the “institution of the family” is the basic social unit of Malay society, which the state made part of its system to give it financial and social stability, and this family system played an important role in making Malaysia a modern state. The second ideology is the state which according to Mahathir Muhammad should be based on the observance of the constitution and the law. The state system should be based on self-accountability, the state should establish a fair system of resource allocation, it should not tolerate any fluctuation in discipline. According to Mahathir Mohamad, the ideology of terrorism is also part of the political philosophy of the West, which aims to seize the resources of Muslim countries. According to him, it is very important to maintain a balance between human rights and duties. According to him, a nation can never sacrifice its Islamic and religious identity, they consider Islamic history and heritage very important for the existence of their nation and This was the philosophy of Mahathir Mohamad who transformed Malaysia into a developed nation of the world. Today, Mahathir Mohamad is an ideal leader for the Islamic world, whose words can lead any country to progress.